The Limpopo Watercourse Commission (LIMCOM), which coordinates shared international water issues among its four riparian states – Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe – recently formalized a cooperation mechanism focusing on groundwater resources and management. The mechanism will facilitate and promote the conjunctive management of surface water and groundwater resources in the basin, thereby increasing the attention given to transboundary aquifers shared among the countries. So far, three major transboundary aquifers have been identified, the Ramotswa Aquifer, the Tuli Karoo Aquifer and the Limpopo Aquifer Basin.
The inaugural event took place in Gaborone, Botswana, at the Grand Palm Hotel Casino and Convention Resort from February 28 to March 1, 2019. The agreement to advance collaboration on groundwater in the Limpopo River Basin was consolidated through a preceding memorandum of understanding between the LIMCOM Secretariat and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Groundwater Management Institute (SADC-GMI) in December 2018.
LIMCOM is the second of 15 international river basin organizations in the SADC region to establish a formal and dedicated institutional mechanism to oversee groundwater in the basin. This process is also advanced in ORASECOM, the Orange-Senqu River Commission.
Institutionalization of groundwater management at the river basin level in LIMCOM has been strongly supported by SADC-GMI as well as various research and engagement projects led by IWMI and partners, enhancing the understanding of transboundary aquifers in the basin and across the region.
Participants at inaugural meeting for the LIMCOM Groundwater Committee (Photo credit: SADC-GMI)
At present, Botswana and South Africa undertake some monitoring within the Tuli Karoo Transboundary Aquifer Area for their own purposes; Zimbabwe (covering about 57% of the area) does not actively monitor the aquifer. Therefore, an aim of the Conjunctive Water Resources Management across Borders in the Southern African Development Community… Continue reading The post Project Brief: Groundwater Monitoring in the Tuli Karoo Transboundary Aquifer Area appeared first on Conjunctive water management across borders in SADC. [...]
Improving food security and farm-based livelihoods is among the central challenges of our time and key to fostering progress toward a set of Sustainable Development Goals such as reducing hunger and poverty. The primary pathway for enhancing food security and farming livelihoods – boosting agricultural production – is nonetheless constrained… Continue reading The post Improving Irrigation Efficiency during a Pandemic: the Tuli Karoo Experience appeared first on Conjunctive water management across borders in SADC. [...]
The Tuli Karoo Aquifer, shared among Botswana, South Africa, and Zimbabwe, is located in a very arid region. Surface water resources in the Tuli Karoo Aquifer area are scarce and unreliable, so groundwater is used as the primary source for agriculture, domestic and industrial water in the mainly rural communities… Continue reading The post Piloting a transboundary groundwater network during a pandemic: the Tuli Karoo experience appeared first on Conjunctive water management across borders in SADC. [...]